Renewable Energy: The Guide To Low-Cost Energy in the UK (2024)

With the world facing many global warming climate change challenges, and the UK enduring an energy crisis approaching winter, now it’s more important than ever to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels. Renewable energy is a great way to do this, as it’s sustainable and doesn’t produce harmful carbon emissions. This comprehensive guide provides an overview of renewable energy sources in the UK, information on renewable energy grants for UK residents, as well as statistics on renewable energy usage in the UK. By reading through this blog, you’ll be better equipped to make informed decisions about low-cost energy in the UK for the coming years.

What is renewable energy?

Renewable energy is essentially just energy that comes from natural sources that don’t get depleted or have a finite lifespan like fossil fuels do (oil, gas and coal).

Renewable energy, commonly referred to as sustainable energy, is significantly less harmful than fossil fuels as it doesn’t emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. It’s important to understand what types of renewable energies are available in your area, so you can make the best choices for your needs.

There are many options available for low-cost renewable electricity, so it’s important to compare prices and find a plan that fits your budget and helps reduce energy bills. The government has also put together some helpful guides to help people learn more about renewable energy, so bookmark this page for more information.

Types of renewable energy sources in the UK

Renewable energy is becoming more and more popular all over the world, and the UK is no exception. There are a variety of renewable energy sources that can be used to generate electricity, such as solar, wind, hydro power, and geothermal energy. Each has its own benefits and drawbacks; for example, solar energy is the most popular renewable energy source in the UK, but it’s not the most efficient. Wind energy, on the other hand, is the most efficient renewable energy source, but it’s not as popular as solar. Choosing a renewable source of energy is an important step in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the UK.

Solar Energy

Solar energy is one of the most popular renewable energy sources in the UK today. It’s clean, sustainable, and does not create any pollution from its output. Solar energy (radiation) is the light that the sun beams down on Earth, commonly referred to as electromagnetic radiation.

The amount of solar radiation that reaches any given area on the Earth’s surface fluctuates, even though every location receives some sunshine during the course of a year. The radiation is captured by solar technology like panels, which transform it into usable forms of energy.


Wind Energy

Wind energy is one of the most popular renewables on the global market, thanks to its clear benefits. It’s a clean energy source that helps reduce emissions and cuts costs down the line, making it a great choice for businesses. In England, wind power enjoys high popularity thanks to its abundant wind resource.

There are many different types of turbines available for wind farms that can be used to harness this energy – from small onshore wind farms right up to offshore turbines. The installation process is usually straightforward and can be completed quickly, making it perfect for grid-connected applications such as homes and businesses. Furthermore, wind power has an impressive capacity factor which makes it capable of delivering electricity even in periods of low demand or variable wind conditions.

Geothermal Energy

Geothermal energy is one of the most sustainable and cost-effective renewable sources of energy out there. It comes from heat that’s always present in the earth’s core – which means it doesn’t rely on solar or wind power to function.

The UK has plenty of geothermal resources that can be tapped into for this type of renewable energy, making it a clean and green option for households, businesses, and even large industrial plants. With so many benefits to geothermal energy – such as its low environmental impact – why isn’t it more popular? Well, traditional fossil fuels like oil still have some advantages over renewables when it comes to cost efficiency and reliability. So until renewables catch up (and they will!) Geothermal Energy will continue to play an important role in powering our world forward!

Hydropower Energy

Hydropower energy is one of the most sustainable forms of renewable energy. It doesn’t produce any harmful emissions, it’s clean and green, and it’s relatively cheap to produce. The UK has a lot of potential for hydropower as its plentiful water resources can be harnessed in this way. 

There are many different types of hydropower projects you can invest in – from small-scale schemes to large-scale hydroelectric plants – so there’s something that suits everyone’s needs.

Biomass Energy

Biomass (bioenergy) is a renewable energy source that can be used to produce electricity, heat or biofuels. There are many different types of biomass – wood, coke, bagasse etcetera. Since people first started heating their homes and cooking their meals by burning wood, biomass has been used. The largest biomass energy source available today is still wood. 

Food crops, grassy and woody plants, forestry or agricultural wastes, oil-rich algae, and the organic portion of municipal and industrial wastes are some more sources. Even landfill fumes, which are primarily composed of methane, the principal gas in natural gas, can be used as a biomass energy source. Fuels, electricity, and other goods that would typically be made from fossil fuels can be substituted with biomass.

Why is renewable energy important?

Renewable energy is important for more reasons than you may think. Not only is it a clean and sustainable option, it also helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This is a big deal, as greenhouse gas emissions are a major contributor to climate change. 

In addition, renewable energy is an affordable option, making it an attractive choice for homeowners and businesses alike. In addition to saving money on your electricity bill when you put your heating on over winter, renewable energy has other benefits. For example, it can reduce your reliance on fossil fuels, which is great for the environment. So, whether you’re looking to save money on your energy bill, reduce your carbon footprint, or help the environment in some other way, renewable energy is a great option that is growing in popularity.

Can renewable energy help reduce energy bills?

Yes, absolutely, renewable energy will likely reduce your energy bills by as much as half! If you’re looking to make the switch, it’s important to choose the right type of renewable energy for your home.

Solar power, wind power, and hydro power are all viable options, but it’s important to choose the right one for your needs. You can also look into renewable energy partnerships – with someone who can provide you with reliable and low-cost electricity. There are many ways to make renewables work for you – from installing solar panels to using green tariff schemes. So, don’t wait – start making your energy switch today with the help of our friendly experts here at Unique.

Common renewable energy technologies

Renewable energy is something that has been on the rise for a while now and solar panels are one of the most popular forms of it. Solar electricity panels, also known as photovoltaics (PV) or referred to as Solar PV, produce electricity through the sun’s energy, without any need for maintenance or additional fuel sources. This makes them an ideal option if you’re looking to reduce your energy bills in the future. Plus, they continue to become more cost-effective, meaning that investing in solar panels is a wise financial decision as well as a sustainable one.


Heat pumps are a great option for people who want to reduce their energy bills in the winter months. They use the heat from the earth to generate electricity, which means that you won’t have to rely on fossil fuels or solar power during this time of year. They also help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, making them a more sustainable choice overall! If you’re looking at renewable energy options, a heat pump is definitely one of them.

EV charging is a great way to reduce your energy bills in the long run by charging your electric vehicle from your property. Not only will you be using renewable energy, but you’ll also be reducing your reliance on fossil fuels. Something that has major benefits for the environment. By installing an EV charging point, you can start saving on your electricity bills right away. In addition, if you own a vehicle that is powered by renewable energy (such as solar or wind power), make sure to use it! The more people who do this, the cheaper renewables will become for everyone as a whole.

Renewable energy is slowly but surely becoming a more reliable source of power. This is particularly true for wind and solar power, which tend to generate less energy at certain times of the day or during periods of low demand. Battery storage can help to smooth out these fluctuations and make renewables an even more dependable option, helping businesses reduce their energy bills in the long run. There are a number of different types of battery storage systems available on the market, so we’ll help explain your options in more detail.

Renewable energy grants for UK home residents

Your energy bills can be paid for with assistance, and grants and offers can help with the upfront costs of installing energy-saving technology in your house. Learn about the various programmes and see whether you qualify. The typical household may be wasting hundreds of pounds annually as a result of their home’s inefficient energy use. If you qualify for assistance with paying your gas and electricity bills, you might also be spending more money than you need to. Over time, making your home more efficient will reduce its operating costs, and the modifications you make can also make it seem cosier.

To help you make your home more energy efficient, minimise your carbon footprint, and lower your expenses, find out if you qualify for energy incentives from the government or energy providers. Fortunately, there are many renewable energy grants available that can help finance solar panel installation, wind turbine installation, or other green energy solutions. Check out the Government’s Green Deal: Energy Saving For Your Home.

Renewable energy grants for UK businesses

Many government schemes offer loans, grants or subsidised energy-saving measures to support small businesses in reducing their impact on the environment. These normally help with:

  • Energy efficiency measures – such as revising production processes
  • The upfront costs of investing in energy-efficient equipment 
  • Waste management and reduction initiatives
  • Sustainable development initiatives.

Start by searching the GOV.UK business finance and support finder. Ask your local council if they provide energy efficiency funding or sustainable business growth grants. You will normally need to submit a business case to apply. Some initiatives may also be eligible for business innovation funding.

Advantages of renewable energy

Renewable energy is on the rise, and for good reason. It’s environmentally friendly, has many advantages, and is growing in popularity worldwide. In the UK, the government is working to promote renewable energy sources in order to cut down on carbon emissions. There are a variety of options available, so you can find the one that’s best for your needs. Researching different renewable energy sources is essential if you want to make the most of this growing trend. By choosing renewable energy, you’re not only doing your part for the environment, but you’re also making a smart financial decision.

Disadvantages of renewable energy

Renewable energy is an important part of the climate change fight, but it comes with a few disadvantages. The high up-front costs mean that renewable energy isn’t always affordable. There are often restrictions on when and where renewable energy can be used, which can cause problems for businesses and homeowners. Additionally, renewable energy won’t always provide consistent or uninterrupted power, so it’s important to have backup plans in place. However, renewable energy is still a valuable resource and can play a vital role in the future of energy. As long as these disadvantages are taken into account, renewable energy can play a big part in the energy landscape in the UK.

UK renewable energy statistics 20

According to the UK Government’s  Q2 2022 energy trends data, Renewable generation rose by 12% year-on-year, due to more favourable conditions and increased capacity. Renewable energy share of generation rose to 39%, with low carbon’s share increasing 2%, to 55%, with stronger output from nuclear. Fossil fuel’s share of generation fell by 2% to 42% per cent.

Are you convinced about renewable energy?

In this comprehensive guide, we have outlined everything you need to know about renewable energy in the UK. From the different types of renewable energy sources to renewable energy grants, we have covered it all! If you’re looking to switch to renewable energy sources in your home or business, make sure to read through this blog and take advantage of the valuable information it contains. As we mentioned earlier, renewable energy is becoming more and more popular in the UK, so make sure to take advantage of this return on investment potential.

If you want to discuss your options on how your home or business can benefit from sustainable energy sources and cheaper energy bills then speak to one of our local friendly experts on 01202 743231 or book a free consultation here.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I make my home more energy efficient?

When it comes to making your home more energy efficient, one of the best things you can do is install insulation. Insulation helps in reducing the amount of heat that enters your home and turns into heat energy. This energy is then wasted and ends up costing you money in the long run. You can also improve the airflow in your home by retrofitting your windows and doors or adding a ventilation system. These three measures can collectively help to reduce energy loss by up to 50%. Additionally, make sure you turn off lights when you’re not using them and save power whenever possible. Doing so can help reduce your monthly electricity bill by up to 30%.

What are the best ways to generate renewable energy in the UK?

There are many ways to generate renewable energy in the UK, and each has its own benefits. Here are some of the most common sources of renewable energy:

  • Solar power: Solar power is one of the most popular sources of renewable energy because it is environmentally friendly and can be used to generate electricity on a small scale.
  • Wind power: Wind power is an important source of renewable energy because it is reliable and can be used to generate electricity on a large scale.
  • Hydro power: Hydro power is another powerful source of renewable energy that can be used to generate electricity.
  • Biomass power: Biomass power is generated by using organic materials like wood or crop waste to create energy.
  • Geothermal power: Geothermal power comes from the heat energy that is naturally present underground. By using this energy to create electricity, geothermal generators can be a powerful renewable energy option.
  • Tidal power: Tidal power is generated by using the tides to power turbines and produce electricity.
  • Wind turbine: A wind turbine is a device that uses wind to create electricity. This type of renewable energy generator can be used on a small or large scale.

Should I invest in solar panels or wind turbines?

Overall, solar panels and wind turbines are two different types of renewable energy sources that can help you reduce your carbon footprint. Solar panels work by converting sunlight into electricity, while wind turbines use the power of wind to turn machinery. Both solar panels and wind turbines have their pros and cons, but in the long run both should be able to pay for themselves. Additionally, solar panels and wind turbines have other benefits like creating fewer energy bills, being environmentally friendly, and providing a stable source of renewable energy. So if you’re looking for a low cost way to invest in renewable energy then investing in solar or wind may be a good option for you.

Is there a way to make low-cost electricity cheaper?

There is a way to make electricity even cheaper than it is currently. And the best part? It involves making the switch to renewable energy. Renewable energy sources like solar and wind power are becoming more popular as they not only cost less but also produce zero emissions. Because of this, you can save money by buying green energy certificates (or Renewables Obligation Certificates) which entitle you to purchase a certain amount of renewable energy credits from certain providers. Additionally, it’s important to note that renewables are not only becoming more popular, but they’re also becoming more affordable as time goes on. So, as long as you research different options and make the switch to renewables, you can reasonably expect to see your electricity bill drop in the near future.